Services for maintenance, repair and upgrading
Toilets need maintenance if they are not to fall into disrepair. A 3-country study showed that households spent US$ 0 to US$ 3 per toilet per year on maintenance. In more urban areas and for more expensive toilets this was up to US$ 20 per year.
04 Mar 13
Toilets built with free and very low-cost materials need a lot of work to counter the effects of daily use and influence of the local climate. Choices are to let them deteriorate and go back to open defecation when they become no longer safe and private enough to use, or to repair and if needed rebuild them with the same materials, or to upgrade them into a more durable model.
Bangladesh pit latrines will power a business not a crisis
Is there a sustainable business case for sanitation?
The business case for sanitation in developing countries is testified by the thousands of small scale entrepreneurs springing up to tackle problems of open defecation and process faecal waste and urine. Will these businesses be profitable and sustainable? Can they address the huge scale of the problem? Will they address the issues in rural areas as well as urban areas? These questions are much harder to answer.