Governance is the umbrella term for the processes by which decisions are made and implemented. It is the result of interactions, relationships and networks in and between the different sectors -government, public sector, private sector and civil society - for ensuring optimal services.
Governance is the umbrella term for the processes by which decisions are made and implemented. It is the result of interactions, relationships and networks in and between the different sectors -government, public sector, private sector and civil society- for ensuring optimal services.
Transparency (openness) and integrity (honesty) aim to counteract corruption. The Oxford Dictionary defines corrupt as having or showing a willingness to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain.
Developing the capacities of the staff (governmental and non-government) as well as the private sector is important part of governance. The full range of capacities needs to cover the full cycle of sanitation services.
Governing non-sewered sanitation mostly involves local governments and government services, community or consumer organisations, the local private sector and NGOs. The private sector plays a role at all points of the service delivery chain: providing software services such as information and marketing, local production and sales of materials and goods, construction, maintenance and repairs, and emptying, transport and end-disposal of waste from full pits and tanks and/or using it productively in agriculture. The private sector can involve formal and informal entrepreneurs and NGOs that work for profit.
Bangladesh pit latrines will power a business not a crisis
Is there a sustainable business case for sanitation?
The business case for sanitation in developing countries is testified by the thousands of small scale entrepreneurs springing up to tackle problems of open defecation and process faecal waste and urine. Will these businesses be profitable and sustainable? Can they address the huge scale of the problem? Will they address the issues in rural areas as well as urban areas? These questions are much harder to answer.