This section looks into:
- enabling environmnet
- enabling informed choices
- processes, materials and methods
- gender aspects
Regarding the ‘enabling environment’ of the policies, laws, regulations and institutional and financial support, sanitation still faces a double challenge.
To choose the sanitation product or service that households want and can afford, couples (both men and women) need access to information on which they can base their choice.
Easy to use and low-cost leaflets and catalogues can inform potential customers. Conviction comes more from interpersonal interaction. Interactions can be with promoters, suppliers, relatives and peers, including those who have already installed a toilet. A participatory process with discussions on pros, cons and steps helps the householders (men and women, often couples) decide.
Bangladesh pit latrines will power a business not a crisis
Is there a sustainable business case for sanitation?
The business case for sanitation in developing countries is testified by the thousands of small scale entrepreneurs springing up to tackle problems of open defecation and process faecal waste and urine. Will these businesses be profitable and sustainable? Can they address the huge scale of the problem? Will they address the issues in rural areas as well as urban areas? These questions are much harder to answer.